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【托福Toefl英文應用】托福口語話題必備之書籍電影和音樂

書籍電影和音樂

托福(微博)口語評分標準中出了natural、spontaneous、improvised等類似的字眼,譯為自然即興的,也就是說rater評分者更希望看到考生即興的發揮而不是死板機械的背誦;但是如果考生平時不積累一些相關語料庫想必也不會達到信手拈來的地步。

  很多人在​​遇到跟book、movie、music相關的獨立口語題目的時候除了會說可以陶冶情操之外再不會用其他的理由了,而可悲的是陶冶情操這個詞在英文中很難找到對應的翻譯;這樣一來考生就被死死的卡在了這中題目上。其實如果我們仔細分析一下托福一二題的題目要求的話不難發現兩個詞examples and details,而如果合理的利用恰當的例子和細節此類題目迎刃而解。筆者看來,跟book、movie、music相關的題目中可以用放鬆身心、增加學習效率、讓自己的生活變得更加充實等等來做example;並用書的名字、作者,音樂的種類、演唱者,電影的名字、劇情、演員的名字等來做details,這不僅讓我們的答案變得更加真實更會使回答變得生動有趣。接下來我就以托福真題為例給大家提供關於以上話題的語料庫包括必備段落、短語和詞彙。

  請看以下三道題目:

  Describe a book that you believe is the most useful to you. Please explain the reason and include specific examples and details in your explanation.

  Some people believe that the high school should teach music and art as other basic science. Some people think that providing music and art education for high school students is not necessary. What is your opinion and why?

  Which is your favorite type of movie: action, drama, or others? Please include specific details and examples in your explanation.

  不難發現以上三個題目中以不同形式出現了book、music、movie,如果大家對以下的語料庫熟讀並達到背誦的地步,以上類似題目絕不是問題。語料庫如下:

  關於music的類型Type/genre: rock & roll, R&B, reggae, country, Jazz, electronic, folklore(民謠), classical music;

  偉大音樂家的名字Great Musicians:Beethoven, Bach, Mozart

  流行音樂人Pop singers: Eminem, Beyonce, Jay Z. Taylor Swift, Bruno Mars, Rihana.

  電影的類型Types of movies:thriller(驚悚片), suspense(懸疑片), comedy, action, documentary, science fiction, romance(愛情片), Animation(動畫片), horror (恐怖片)

  有名的電影導演Director(後面附有該導演的著名電影名字):

  Peter Jackson: Return of the King

  Steven Speilberg: Jurassic Park (侏羅紀公園)

  James Cameron: Avatar(阿凡達), Titanic

  Christopher Nolan: the Batman, the Dark Night;

  著名演員Actors and actresses: Jackie Chen, Bruce Lee, Brad Pitt, Angelina Julie, Leonardo DiCaprio

  就電影、音樂和書籍的作用和效果而言,筆者總結了一下幾個共同特點;所以當考生看到任何跟電影、音樂和書籍有關的題目時都可以巧妙的應用以下理由。

  緩解壓力: ease/release + my pressure/stress/tension/depression from both my life and study;

  讓生活和學​​習變得更有效率、充實:improve /enhance/ increase + learning/study efficiency/productivity of the day;

  精神煥發:refresh myself, revitalize/revive my mood;

  激起情感和想像力:bring about different kinds of emotions; stir/stimulate my imagination; (註解:聽音樂、看懸疑電影的時候)

  句子:

  小說、電影的線索很迷人:

  The storyline/plot is very attractive/engaging/intriguing;

  看電影、讀小說的時候身臨其境忘乎所以:

  When I read this masterpiece/watch this movie, I find time irrelevant and I totally forget about the time. I tune everything out around me and am so attracted in the storyline and I feel tied up to the character in the novel/movie.

  沒有什麼可以阻止我看完這部小說或電影:

  I feel like the characters in the novel/movie connect to me so much that nothing could hold me back from reading/watching it until I finish the novel/movie.

原文來源: 新浪教育

英代外語針對托福TOEFL課程完整規劃,提供聽、說、讀、寫四種技巧,為托福提早做準備,輔佐托福考試高分。